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This project has received funding from the European Union's Seventh Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement No 265104
  
 
 

 



News
New publication - Rapid growth in agricultural trade: effects on global area efficiency and the role of management
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Cropland is crucial for supplying humans with biomass products, above all, food. Globalization has led to soaring volumes of international trade, resulting in strongly increasing distances between the locations where land use takes place and where the products are consumed. Based on a dataset that allows tracing the flows of almost 450 crop and livestock products and consistently allocating them to cropland areas in over 200 nations, we analyze this rapidly growing spatial disconnect between production and consumption for the period from 1986 to 2009. At the global level, land for export production grew rapidly (by about 100 Mha), while land supplying crops for direct domestic use remained virtually unchanged. We show that international trade on average flows from high-yield to low-yield regions: compared to a hypothetical no-trade counterfactual that assumes equal consumption and yield levels, trade lowered global cropland demand by almost 90 Mha in 2008 (3-year mean). An analysis using yield gap data (which quantify the distance of prevailing yields to those attainable through the best currently available production techniques) revealed that differences in land management and in natural endowments contribute almost equally to the yield differences between exporting and importing nations. A comparison of the effect of yield differences between exporting and importing regions with the potential of closing yield gaps suggests that increasing yields holds greater potentials for reducing future cropland demand than increasing and adjusting trade volumes based on differences in current land productivity.

Thomas Kastner, Karl-Heinz Erb and Helmut Haberl 2014 Environ. Res. Lett.9 034015 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/3/034015

 
Appeal for the Rosa Barba Landscape Prize
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ANUNCIO_BIENAL_MAIL_ENGLISH_8_DEADLINE-01_img_0The Rosa Barba Landscape Prize, sponsored by Banc de Sabadell, will be announced within the framework of the 8th Barcelona Landscape Biennial which will take place on the 25, 26 and 27th September 2014 in Barcelona.
The Rosa Barba Landscape Prize is opened to all kinds of landscape projects and planning created worldwide from 2009 to 2014.
Deadline for presenting project's documentation is April 11th, 2014.

Read more https://www.coac.net/landscape/

 
D8.3 Identification of current hotspots and a typology relating to potential causes
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Deliverable D8.3  Identification of current hotspots and a typology relating to potential causes is now available. This third and final deliverable of WP8 aims at identifying the drivers of spatial relationships among ES across Europe based on the methodological framework developed in the first deliverable D8.1. In this report, we also present the coldspots and hotspots of ecosystem services in Europe. The distribution of hotspots and coldspots over LULC classes highlights a strong concentration of hot/cold spots in few classes (i.e. arable (non-irrigated) lands, pasture, (semi-) natural vegetation and forests). Besides, ES hotspots tend to be associated with intermediate levels of land use intensity, with both higher land use intensity limiting ES supply and low land use intensity areas being unfavourable to both production activities (high land use intensity) and to ES. Conversely, coldspots of multifunctionality tend to be overlapping coldspots of intensification.

D8.3  Identification of current hotspots and a typology relating to potential causes

 
D2.3 Landscape change processes in case study areas
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Deliverable D2.3 Landscape change processes in case study areas is now available. This deliverable (D2.3) presents the analysis of processes of landscape change for selected case study areas in Europe. It does so against the important processes in Europe of intensification or extensification which affect landscape identity but also character and biodiversity.

This work concludes with some preliminary conclusions that are extrapolated into a number of preliminary policy recommendations.

D2.3 Landscape change processes in case study areas

 
Position as associate professor of Human Geography
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A new position as associate professor of Human Geography is available at the "Transformation of Cities and Landscapes - Geoinformatics" research group, University of Copenhagen, starting September the 1st 2014 or soon thereafter.

Deadline for application is 2nd of February.

More information here

 
Policy brief - Land use change
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Land use changes over the past 20 years and if increasing forest land would be seen as getting in competition with food production in future?

Competition for land between forest and agriculture is a key issue for policies dealing with food and energy security. The VOLANTE project has assessed the changes in the extent and management intensity of Europe’s forests and agricultural lands over the past 20 years. The results may help to understand the interactions between the drivers of change and the environmental pressures that may result from them.

Policy brief - Land use change

 
Policy brief - Ecosystem services
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How might ecosystems and their services change in the EU under plausible future scenarios?

Changes in climate and land use affect the functioning of ecosystems around the world and will most likely alter the future provision of ecosystem services (ES). In line with action 5 (Improve knowledge of ecosystems and their services in the EU) of target 2 (Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services) of the EU 2020 Biodiversity strategy, one of the aims of the VOLANTE project is understanding the current ES provision at the EU scale to further predict their provision under several land use scenarios.

Policy brief - Ecosystem services

 
D4.3 Technological institutional and economic drivers of land use changes - updated version
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The updated version of deliverable D4.3 Technological institutional and economic drivers of land use changes is now available. This report presents the findings of the VOLANTE Work Package 4 Project on technological, institutional and economic drivers of land use change in a long-term perspective. The project aimed at covering changes in land use drivers for 7 European countries in a 200-year perspective.

D4.3 Technological institutional and economic drivers of land use changes

 
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