National long-term land-use and HANPP data set for nine European countries

The historic database at the national level for nine countries Albania, Austria, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden and the United Kingdom Denmark was established in Volante WP4.

Key variables in the database encompass historical time series on land cover change and biomass harvest in agriculture and forestry over the past 100 to 200 years. These datasets were supplemented with historical socio-economic variables in order to provide the basis for interpreting shifts in land system change (energy supply, foreign trade, population development, fertilizer use, irrigation, agricultural machinery use and farm size, etc.) Other parameters, such as total aboveground productivity by land-cover or land-use type, the annual amount of grazed biomass as well as harvest on settlement areas were not readily available in the statistics and were calculated based on the statistical data and on model assumptions. Potential NPP, i.e. the NPP hypothetically prevailing in the absence of land use, was modelled by the LPJ-DGVM. For each country, the Human Appropriation of Net Primary Production (HANPP) indicator was calculated.


Gingrich, S.; Niedertscheider, M.; Kastner, T.; Haberl, H.; Cosor, G.; Krausmann, F.; Kuemmerle, T.; Müller, D.; Reith-Musel, A.; Jepsen, M. R.; Vadineanu, A.; Erb, K.-H. (2015): Exploring long-term trends in land use change and aboveground human appropriation of net primary production in nine European countries. In: Land Use Policy 47, pp 426-438. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.04.027

Contact: simone.gingrich (at)

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